Types of Golf Course Grass

By Justin Johnson
The type of grass featured on a golf course has the potential to change a golfer's course strategy.
The type of grass featured on a golf course has the potential to change a golfer's course strategy.

The game of golf is different from many other sports because each golf course is different, all the way down to the grass. Most other games, such as basketball and football, have courts or fields with standardized sizes and features on which the games are played. Not all grass types can be found in every part of the country, as certain grass types prefer hot and humid weather, while other grass types prefer cooler conditions.


Bentgrass is one of the most common types of grasses found on golf courses. Course superintendents prefer this grass due to its thick, mat-like quality. Bentgrass is not ideal for locations that have a consistently hot climate. Good locations for bent grass include the Northeast, most of the Midwestern states and the Pacific Northwest. The grass favors cooler evenings and nights, which reduces the stress on the grass. Muirfield Village Golf Club in Ohio, which "Golf" magazine consistently ranks as one of top courses, features bentgrass.

Bermuda grass

Bermuda grass is often referred to as "The Sport Grass of the South" due to its presence on golf courses and sporting fields in the South and for its ability to withstand high temperatures, high humidity and drought-like conditions. Temperatures under 30 degrees Fahrenheit will most likely kill the stem. Leaves of Bermuda grass, which coupled with this grass' preference for humid conditions, limits the range of this grass in the United States to the southeast. The famed TPC at Sawgrass course features Bermuda grass.

Poa Annua Grass

Poa annua grass is most often used as golf course turf on the West Coast of the United States. In many locations in the United States, Poa Annua grass is viewed as an invasive species. On the West Coast, however, golf course superintendents have managed to create spectacular greens with this type of grass. Poa annua grass has shallow roots, which can cause problems in areas that do not receive large amounts of rain. As a result of these shallow roots, Poa annua grass is often hand-watered to ensure adequate water absorption. The premier California course Pebble Beach has Poa annua grass.

About the Author

A southeastern Ohio native, Justin Johnson is a finance professional with accounting and financial planning experience in various manufacturing industries. He discovered a love for writing as student at Pensacola Christian College and after learning many lessons in the workplace, he enjoys writing business and finance pieces.

Photo Credits

  • Golf cart on golf course image by Jim Mills from Fotolia.com
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