What Are the Different Types of Clubs in Golf?

By Mike Southern
Even non-players recognize what a putter is.
Even non-players recognize what a putter is.

Despite the bewildering array of clubs each manufacturer debuts each year, your choices still boil down to a few simple types. Each has its own purpose, and each developed to make certain shots easier for players. Golfsmith carries a wide variety of clubs and provides information to help you determine which ones best suit your game, but all of them fit into these categories.

Drivers

“The big lumber” has one main purpose in a golfer’s game—to hit the ball as far as possible. Because the ball is perched on a tee, drivers are designed with large heads that minimize backspin and create a large “sweet spot” where the ball can be hit with reasonable accuracy, even if the player does not strike it perfectly.

Fairway Woods

Unlike drivers, fairway woods are meant for hitting the ball off the ground. They are designed with smaller heads, rounded faces, and more weight in the sole of the club. Tthis helps create backspin, which gets the ball airborne more easily even when the ball is in the rough. Higher-numbered woods, such as 9- and 11-woods, are often called “trouble woods.”

Hybrids

Hybrids cross a fairway wood’s ease of hitting with an iron’s accuracy. They have hollow heads like the larger fairway woods, but flat faces like irons. They represent the middle ground between fairway woods and irons, and are also popular for chipping. Plus, there is a small selection of hybrids that feature rounded faces, more like fairway woods; these are labeled with names, such as “rescue clubs.”

Irons

When you are looking for accuracy—in direction and distance—you want an iron. The flat face requires you to hit the ball squarely, but rewards you with control. Irons are numbered from one to nine (conveniently grouped in threes by most players), and the higher numbers have more loft—the 1- to 3-irons, called “long irons,” have been largely replaced by hybrids; the 4- to 6-irons are called “mid-irons”; and the 7- to 9-irons are called “short irons.” Irons are often divided into “game-improvement irons” and “player’s irons”—the former are easier to hit, while the latter are more often used by very good players because they can more easily tell if they mis-hit them.

Wedges

Another group of very short irons with more loft and heavier soles are called wedges, and are often referred to as the “scoring clubs” because they are so useful between 100 yards out and the green. Wedges typically have between 48 and 64 degrees of loft, and are divided into four categories—from least to most loft, they are the pitching, gap, sand and lob wedges.

Putters

Everybody recognizes the putter. It is a relatively flat-faced club--less than 10 degrees of loft--used on the green or from the collar just off the green. The two types of putters, easily identified by the shape of the head when you set up to putt and look down at it, are “blade” putters with long thin heads and “mallet” putters with large blocky heads, often of various shapes.

About the Author

North Carolina native Mike Southern has been writing since 1979. He is the author of the instructional golf book "Ruthless Putting" and edited a collection of swashbuckling novels. Southern was trained in electronics at Forsyth Technical Community College and is also an occasional woodworker.

Photo Credits

  • putter, balle et trou image by LAURENT VICENZOTTI from Fotolia.com
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